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金融翻译:财经数据中英翻译法

我译网????发布时间:2019-11-01 09:19:18

下跌与上涨

英文词语中关于经济数据下跌的描述有很多种,如 fall, drop, be lower, slip 等,更为严重的还有 plummet 和 collapse 等。

▌微跌:slip, drop, down

Chinese stocks?slipped?in early trade, with Shanghai stocks?dropping?0.7% and Hong Kong's Hang Seng?down?1%.

中国股市在早盘出现微跌。上证指数跌了 0.7%,而香港恒生指数跌了 1%。

Shares closed Friday at $ 74.73,?down?0.5%>周五股价报收 74.73美元,当日跌幅 0.5%,今年迄今位置跌幅 28%,过去 52 周跌幅 20%。


▌跌幅较大:plummet, collapse

The FTSE fell 1% while the Dow Jones?plummeted?250 points and the price of Brent crude dropped to almost $48.5 a barrel, its?lowest point?this year.

英国富时指数(FISE)下跌 1%,道琼斯指数(Dow Jones)暴跌 250 点(约至 17000 点),而布伦特原油价格则跌至每桶 48.5 美元,创下年内最低。

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▌达到某一数值,用介词 to 连接

Japan's Nikkei 225?fell?1.8%?to?18,743.83 and Hong Kong's Hang Seng?dropped1.0%?to?22,420.89.

日本产经指数 225 下跌了 1.8%,至 18743.83 点,香港恒生指数下跌了1%,至 22420.89 点。

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▌表达增减的幅度,用介词 by 连接

After?sizzling growth?over the last couple of quarters, shares of Chinese e-commerce giant Alibaba's(BABA) have?fallen by?over 16% over the past six months, with?investors getting out?after the company's most recent quarter.

中国电商巨头阿里巴巴的股价经历几个季度的高速增长后在过去的六个月内下跌了 16%,股民们都在最近一个月内撤资。

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▌表示增减的具体数字:lose/gain

The Dow fell for the first time in seven days Tuesday, losing 49 points?to?17,081. The S&P 500lost?13?to?2003. The S&P has?rebounded?smartly,?gaining?about 7% since retesting its August low>13日,道琼斯指数七日内首次下跌,收市报 17081 点,下跌了 49 点。标普 500 指数报收 2003 点,下跌了 13 点。自 9 月 28 日再一次跌至 8 月低值后,标普指数迅速回升并上涨 7%。

Companies in the financial sector are expected to show?an average 7.5%earnings?gain, according to Thomson Reuters. The worst sectors are expected to be energy with?a 65% earnings?decline?and materials, with earnings?off?by?20%. Consumer discretionary and telecom are seen to be the?biggest gainers, with?earnings growth?of about 11% each.

据汤森路透报道,金融行业的企业盈利收益率将达到平均 7.5%,最糟糕的行业是能源行业,预计利润减少 65%,而材料行业的利润下降 20%。非必需消费品和电信行业的盈收益率最大,预计各将上涨接近 11%。

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▌同比

在财经词语中,同比是指与上一自然年度(或财年)的同一时期(如月或季度)相比较而得得出的增长或下降的比率。

通常,表示同比时,可以用以下表达:

?from the same period last year

?compared to the previous year

?from a year earlier

?year-on-year

例句

The Hangzhou-based company reported revenue of $3.27 billion for its June quarter, an increase of 28%?from the same period last year, down from a 40%?year-on-year?revenue increase in the previous quarter.

阿里巴巴第一财季营收 32.7 亿美元,同比增长 28%,较上一季度40%的增长有所下降。

The company's latest filing with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission reveals that the "average selling price" for the iPhone increased by 11% in 2015?compared to the previous year.

苹果在向美国证券交易委员会提交的文件中显示,2015年,iPhone 的"平均售价"同比上涨了11%。

Industrial output in September rose 5.7%?from a year earlier,?compared with economists’?median estimate?of 6%.

九月,工业产值同比增长5.7%,经济学家预计的中位数为6%。

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▌连续上涨和下滑

表示连续性的增长或下降,可以 consecutive?或?in?a row?以及 in a straight months/years。另外,也可以直接用类似?a 17-month low/high 的表达方式。例如:

Food prices fell by 2.5% in the year to September in the wake of continued supermarket price wars. This means that prices in the sector?fell for the 15th month in a row.

由于超市价格战,9月份食品价格下跌2.5%。这意味着食品行业价格连续15个月下滑。

Spain's economy shrank?for?a seventh consecutive quarter?between January and March as domestic demand slumped.

由于国内需求暴跌,西班牙经济在第一季度出现连续七个季度的萎缩。

Today Microsoft announced that?for the 25th consecutive month, its Xbox 360 console was the best selling device in its class.

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峰值和低谷

在某种趋势(momentum)达到了最高或是最低时,通常用 highest 或 lowest 来表示。

▌最低点:lowest 或 lowest level

Meanwhile, petrol prices?fell by?3.7p per litre over the year, and diesel prices - at 110.2p per litre - are?at their lowest?in close to six years. There was also?a fall in the price of?household gas.

同时,汽油价格在过去的一年每升下跌3.7便士,柴油价格每升降至110.2便士,均接近六年来最低值。家用天然气价格也出现下跌。

The Purchasing Managers UK Services PMI?slipped to?55.8 in December, down from 58.6 in November,?marking its lowest level since?May.

英国服务业 PMI 指数从(2014年)11月的58.6下跌至12月的55.8,是五月以来最低点。

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▌最高值/记录:用 high、the?highest 或 record high/level 来表示。看例句,注意相关的动词搭配,

The stock has?shed?almost 45% since?notching a high?of?$119.15 back in November.

与2014年11月接近119.15美元的高点相比,股价暴跌了45%。

Goldman's shares, which?hit their highest?since May 2008>4月15日上午,高盛的股价涨至自2008年5月以来新高,随后下午降至每股200.53美金(降0.3个百分点),人们纷纷议论这个结果是否维持得下去。

The Dow Jones Industrial Average?surged to a new record level?Tuesday, closing well above a peak set before the US economy?entered a recession?in 2007.

道琼斯平均工业指数在周二达到新高,收盘时超过美国在2007年进入衰退前的最高指数。

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【来源于网络】